A Comprehensive Guide To Common Throat Disorders

A Comprehensive Guide To Common Throat Disorders


Our throat is one of the most important parts of our body that carries air to the larynx and windpipe and also carries food to the oesophagus. In our lifetime, we often suffer from sore throat due to a common cold, flu, and viral infection that goes on its own. 

There can also be several other throat conditions that may need proper diagnosis and treatment. If you are experiencing any symptoms of throat disorder such as excessive pain in the throat, difficulty swallowing, muffled voice, and swollen tonsils, then you must contact an ENT doctor in Siliguri to seek professional guidance. 

Given below are some of the most common throat disorders that you may experience. 


Tonsillitis is one of the most common throat disorders that cause inflammation in the tonsils, which are present in the backside of the throat. Some of the symptoms of this disease are a scratchy voice, swollen tonsils, painful swallowing, sore throat, headache, and neck pain. 

For treating this disorder, the doctor may prescribe you antibiotics and may recommend gurgling with salt water, and proper rest. In some serious cases, surgery can be used to remove the tonsil that is causing recurrent tonsillitis. 


Croup is another throat disorder that often leads to infection in the upper airways, which makes it extremely difficult to breathe. Children are more prone to get affected by this disease since they have small airways. 

The common symptoms of croup are fever, hoarse voice, barking cough, and labored breathing. If not treated within 3-5 days, these symptoms may worsen abruptly. Medicines such as corticosteroids and epinephrine are mainly used to treat this disease. 


Pharyngitis is a disorder that causes inflammation in the pharynx, which commonly occurs during the winter months. In most cases, sore throat induced by Pharyngitis is caused by other complications such as chicken pox, measles, adenovirus, and croup. 

Headache, sneezing, chills, cough, fever, and runny nose are some of the common symptoms of this disease. You can  visit the best ENT hospital in Siliguri  if the symptoms become unbearable, where the doctor will prescribe you some effective antibiotics. 

Throat Cancer 

Throat cancer is the most serious throat disorder that can either develop in the larynx or pharynx. Some of the major types of this cancer include glottic, nasopharyngeal, hypopharyngeal, and oropharyngeal cancer.

The early signs of throat cancer include weight loss, cough, ear pain, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and lump that don’t heal. The most effective treatment options for this type of cancer are radiation therapy, immunotherapy, surgery, and chemotherapy. 


Laryngitis is an inflammation in the voice box that can be caused due to an infection, overuse, or irritation. Weak voice, hoarseness, dry cough and throat, and tingling sensation in the throat are the early symptoms of this disorder. 

You probably will not require any specific treatment if you’re suffering from acute laryngitis. However, the doctor may prescribe you corticosteroids or antibiotics in case of chronic laryngitis. 

To avoid any serious throat conditions, you must contact an experienced ENT doctor in Siliguri if the distressing symptoms persist for a longer period. Some of the measures that you can adopt to prevent sore throat or other related disorders are eating a healthy diet, staying away from people who are affected by infections, drinking plenty of fluids, and washing hands properly. 

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